CIS: Sub-contractor Tax in the construction industry
The Construction Industry Scheme, CIS, details payments for sub-contractors from contractors. As the name suggests, it is only applicable in the construction industry. When a contractors needs work from a different skills set (like an electrician, plasterer or plumber), the person(s) they ask to complete the work will be a sub-contractor.
The rules as to what qualifies as construction are complex and it worth seeking professional advice to ensure you are not over paying tax. If you are a sub-contractor in construction, you need register under CIS and be registered as self-employed.
As the contractor gets a sum of money for the work as an entirety, it is the contractor who is responsible for paying the sub-contractor. As it is a service based position, income tax and NI contribution are taken off the wage of the sub-contractor by the contractor and paid to HMRC at a rate of 20% of the total pay.
The tax year for any sub-contractor or self-employed persons is 6th April until 5th April the following year. During this time, all gross pay and deductions will be added together to work out a total pay. Then the profit for the sub-contractor will be worked out after deducting cost of materials and then any other business expenses such as training, travel or phone bills from the income.
If, at the end of the year, the contractor is below the personal allowance threshold (£9,440 for the year ending 2014, going up to £10,000 for the year ending 2015) they will not have to pay any tax. Therefore any tax paid by contractors to HMRC out of the sub-contractors pay will be refundable. See below example for Mr J Bloggs, a plasterer:
As we can see, the profit for the year is below the personal allowance for the year ending 2014 (£9,440). Therefore, Mr J Bloggs should not have paid any CIS deductions so he is able to reclaim the £2,400 from HMRC at the end of the year. See below example for Mrs J Smith, an electrician, when the profit for the year is above the personal allowance:
In the above example, the profit for the year is above the personal allowance by £5,360. Therefore tax paid should equal 20% of £5,360, which is £1,072. However, we have paid £4,400 from CIS Tax deductions. This means that Mrs J Smith is eligible for a Tax refund of £3,328.
The same tax rules apply for sub-contractors and self-employed persons as those in employment meaning when you hit the upper threshold (£41,450 in the year ended 2014 rising to £41,865 for the year ending 2015) you will have to pay 40% tax on that amount. The summary is below, using the 2015 figures:
To try to make the above simpler, we will look at how much tax should be paid by Mrs O McKenzie who had an income (profit) for the year of £55,000:
If all of her income came from sub-contracting, the amount of CIS Tax already paid would be 20% of £55,000 which is £11,000. She is due to pay £11,627 so she would have to pay HMRC an extra £627 to avoid a potential fine in the future for Tax Evasion. This profit figure is very high so most sub-contractors who register under the CIS as self-employed will get a tax refund. It is advisable that if you qualify for this scheme, you do so as it will more often than not result in you getting money back from HMRC at the end of the tax year.
There are also National Insurance (NI) contributions that need to be paid. These are more complicated as the amount you pay will vary with the amount of profit you have at the end of the year. There are different classes and different personal allowances depending upon what type status of employment you have and what your level of income is. It is worth seeking a professionals help at this point to ensure you do not make a mistake and pay the wrong amount.
If you are still confused, or think that you should get a refund, and want to know what the next step is, get in contact with us here at Tax Affinity. Use any of the contact details on the website and we will gladly assist you on the next stage.
By Owen Cain at Tax Affinity Accountants
Many business owners wonder whether hiring an accountant is worth the extra expenditure. From the viewpoint of an accountant, it would be hypocritical for me to say that you’re better off doing all the accounting work yourself. In some respects that may be true. You may save some money by not having to pay accountancy fees. However, over the long run, you will probably realise that the time spent on dealing with your tax affairs and managing the company accounts can be used much more productively. Image the time is used earning a few more sales per week compared to being counted as dead time doing admin.
The phrase that time equals money is heard commonly. Not only do accountants save you both time and money; they also become an invaluable asset to your business. On that can become worth so much more than a simple financial cost. Here are a few things that we can add real “value” to your business:
Keeping your financial records organised and up to date is the most important factor to dependable financial statements. But why hire an accountant as opposed to a book-keeper. Unlike the duties of a book-keeper, an accountant can help interpret the results, offer professional advice and present the financial statements in a format that allows decisions to be made by business management. You would get a greater insight to your business and be able to plan ahead using forecast estimates.
Many business expenses are deductible. However, most of the rules and regulations change on a moving basis and vary from business to business. A good accountant will always be updated on the changing laws and regulations. And therefore should be saving you far more in paying less tax per annum than he/she should ever charge in fees. Their knowledge and experience will add real value to your business.
There are standard formats for filing your accounts and various other tax returns to HMRC. An accountant can ensure that the relevant information is submitted to HMRC in the correct format before the due date. If there is one thing that panics business owners more than anything is a letter from HMRC about a mistake in their tax return and accounts. An accountant can deal with any issues in that regard in an efficient manner. So many clients turn to an accountant after having incurred fines and penalties that they often wonder why they just didnt do it before.
Being aware of tax savings does not necessarily translate to actual tax savings. An accountant’s job is not only to tell you how much tax you owe but how you can save tax. The accountant should work with you throughout the year and offer advice on how to operate your business in a manner that will provide the most tax savings. This can save you substantial amounts of money in the long run - again far more than he/she should ever charge.
Business advice from an accountant can help grow your business. They can assess your current problems and provide solutions to fix them. Or if your business just needs a fresh but experienced perspective on how to expand. The advice can be on inventory management, risk management, lease and buy decisions, internal controls or pricing strategies, HR issues, mergers, sales and takeover of the whole business even.
Develop a Business Relationship
Lets be clear in our extensive experience there are a lot of arrogant and selfish accountants out there. People regularly come to us saying their previous accountant was not doing enough and was charging them for every little thing.
A good accountant wont mind spending as much time as you need to make sure you get all the help and support required. Their fees should be transparent and fixed, with no surprises.
Speaking with an accountant can get you the advice in regards to your tax affairs or business operations. He/She can help identify problems in your financial statements and consult you about it. They can often with a little direction from you, supply you with the ideas and expertise that you desire to push your business to places your imagined. After all the biggest businesses in the world trust some of the biggest firms of accountants to help them with their plans for global expansion and growth.
By Wilson Law at Tax Affinity.
Tax Affinity Accountants are experts in Tax and Accountancy. Based in Kingston upon Thames they are considered to be small business experts helping and supporting business in the UK. They regularly calculate and submit tax returns, year end accounts and so much more for their clients peace of mind. Whilst always ensuring great value for money service.
For more information visit www.taxaffinity.com. To read more interesting articles like this visit www.taxaffinity.com/blog. Please feel free to comment and share this with your friends.
Personal Tax Return Deadline Approaches
Completing a personal tax return can be a stressful, complex task and an unwanted hassle for self assessment taxpayers. At Tax Affinity we provide a simple, price competitive service to alleviate your concerns over personal tax returns.
If you currently complete your own tax return then you could certainly benefit from our services to ensure that you don’t overpay on tax. Mistakes on your tax return could cost you a significant amount and it is therefore worth taking advantage of expert advice to make sure you report the correct level of taxable income. We will assess all of your income and expenses information to ensure you minimise your tax liability.
If you are already taking advantage of our tax help, please ensure you send us all your income and expenses information (bank statements, invoices and receipts) for the period 6th April 2012- 5th April 2013 as soon as possible. With the busy Christmas and New Year period approaching, it is vital that we receive all this information in the next 3-4 weeks so we can ensure all of our clients’ tax returns are submitted before the deadline.
By leaving your tax return right up until the last minute you risk incurring a late filing penalty. Here is a summary of the HMRC penalty charges you may face:
Length of Delay - Penalty incurred
1 day late
A penalty charge of £100 even if you have no tax liability for the year or have paid the tax you owe
3 months late
A penalty charge of £10 per day up to a maximum of 90 days- £900. This is on top of the initial £100 charge.
6 months late
£300 or 5% of the tax due (whichever is higher). On top of the penalties listed above
12 months late
An additional £300 or 5% of tax due. However, in certain cases the charge may be up to 100% of the tax due or higher.
Please avoid any of these penalties by sending us all your information as soon as possible. Feel free to pop into the office or just email us the necessary documents. Rushing a tax return can result in a number of unnecessary errors so please ensure you get on top of the situation in the coming weeks.
By Tom Hoadley at Tax Affinity.
Tax Affinity Accountants are experts in Tax and Accountancy. Based in Kingston upon Thames they regularly submit tax returns for their clients peace of mind, providing a great value for money service for people from all walks of life.
For more information visit www.taxaffinity.com. To read more interesting articles like this visit www.taxaffinity.com/blog. Please feel free to comment and share this with your friends.
In the current economic climate everyone should be looking for ways to save tax. And to help, we at Tax Affinity Accountants have compiled a list to do just that.
The tax codes, allowances and deadlines
1. Tax code
Check your tax code each year (the numbers and letters on your payslip). If you're on the wrong code, you may be paying too much tax.
2. Capital gains tax allowance
Remember that capital gains under £10,600 are tax-free. Married couples and civil partners who own assets jointly can claim a double allowance of £21,200. CGT is charged at 18% if you are a standard rate taxpayer, and 28% if you pay tax at a higher rate.
3. Tax return deadlines
Don’t miss the 31 October deadline if you want to make a paper tax return. You can do your tax online up to 31 January, but paper tax returns need to be in three months earlier than online tax returns to avoid a £100 fine.
4. Annual investment allowance
If you are a landlord or run your own business, take advantage of the annual investment allowance (AIA) to claim for capital expenditure on items such as tools and computers. You can claim relief on up to £25,000 a year.
How to pay less tax if you're self-employed
5. Tax-deductible expenses
If you’re self-employed, don’t forget to claim all your tax-deductible expenses, including cash expenditure where eligible.
6. Self-employed car costs
If you're self employed, you can claim the running costs of a car, but not the cost of buying one. If you use the same car privately, you can claim a proportion of the total costs.
7. Cash-flow boost for self-employed
If you are setting up as self employed, you may be able to improve your cashflow by choosing an accounting year that ends early in the tax year. This maximises the delay between earning your profits and your final tax demand.
8. Annual losses
If you are self employed, you can carry forward losses from one year and offset them against profits from the next. See our page on when the self-employed pay tax for more.
9. Payments on account
If you are self-employed and expect to earn less in 2012-13 than you did the year before, apply to reduce any payments on account that HMRC ask you to make.
Saving tax on property income
10. Rent a room
Rent a room relief is an optional scheme that lets you receive up to £4,250 in rent each year from a lodger, tax-free. This only applies if you rent out furnished accommodation in your own home.
11. Landlord's energy-saving allowance
If you rent out property you can claim special tax allowance of up to £1,500 for insulation, draught proofing and installing a hot water system.
12. Landlord's expenses
If you rent out property, you can deduct a range of costs before declaring your taxable income. These include the wages of gardeners and cleaners, and letting agency fees.
13. Tax relief on your mortgage
You can claim tax relief on the interest on a mortgage you take out to buy a rental property – even if it the rental property is abroad.
14. Reduce capital gains tax (CGT) on a rental property
Landlords are normally liable for CGT when they sell a rental property. If it has been your main home at some time in the past, you can claim tax relief for the last three years of ownership.
Pay less tax on savings and investments
15. Isa allowance
Use your tax-free Isa allowance. This year, the overall limit is £10,680, of which £5,340 can be put into in a cash Isa.
16. No CGT on shares held in an Isa
There is no capital gains tax to pay when you sell shares or units held in an Isa. For more details see Tax on savings and investments.
17. Junior Isas
Use Junior Isas or Children’s Bonus Bonds to avoid being taxed on gifts you make to your own children.
18. Transfer assets
Transfer savings and investments to your husband, wife or civil partner if they pay a lower rate of tax than you do. See our guide to tax and your partner for more information.
19. Children's savings
Stop children being taxed at source on their savings by completing a simple form (R85) on their behalf.
Tax savings for older people
20. Age-related allowance
If you are aged 65-plus you may be eligible for an increased personal allowance. This means you pay a lower income tax rate. See Tax in retirement.
21. National Insurance
Make sure you stop making National Insurance contributions if you carry on working beyond state retirement age (currently 62 for women and 65 for men).
22. Gift Aid
If you are over 65, making donations to charity through Gift Aid can reduce your taxable income to below the threshold at which you start to lose out on age-related allowances.
23. Tax relief on gifts
If you are in a higher tax bracket, you can claim back the difference between the basic and higher rate of income tax on any Gift Aid donations.
24. Inheritance tax
Lifetime gifts are not normally counted as part of your estate for inheritance tax purposes if you live for a further seven years after making them. Known as potentially exempt transfers (PETs) they can reduce your residual estate significantly. See our blog on inheritance tax.
Tax savings through employee benefits
25. Season ticket loan
If you are a commuter, check to see if your employer will give you a tax-free loan to buy your season ticket.
26. Pool cars
Use a pool car for occasional business travel, if your employer provides these.
27. Childcare schemes and tax credits
If you are an employee and pay for childcare, ask your employer if they have a childcare scheme. Salary sacrifice childcare schemes are easy to establish and can result in substantial savings for both employees and employers. For more details see working for an employer. Child tax credits can also save you money.
28. Company car?
If you are entitled to a company car, consider whether it would be more tax-efficient to take a cash equivalent in pay instead.
29. Going green
If you are changing your company car, consider a low-emissions model . These are now taxed at a lower percentage of their list price, than cars with a high CO2 rating.
30. Pay in to a pension scheme
Contributions to your employer's pension scheme (including any additional voluntary contributions you make) can be made from your gross pay, before any tax is charged.
For the most up to date and accurate advice speak to tax accountant, as these allowances and benefits do change every year.
Tax Affinity Accountants are expert Qualified Tax Accountants in Kingston upon Thames. To read more visit www.taxaffinity.com/blog and please feel free to comment and share this with your friends.
You should act as soon as possible to avoid tax penalties. As HMRC are becoming increasingly aggressive in enforcing penalties.
The tax return deadline is 31st Jan 2013 and all self employed people can be fined £100 for late submission in the first month then after that a daily charge of £10 on top of all previous fines. Which if can easily become £380 after just 2 months. Or simply £680 if it is 3 months overdue.
This rule applies even if there is no tax to pay or the tax they owe has been paid!
Uniquely however, this year the taxman has offered taxpayers a small extension of 2 days before imposing penalties. This is because of a strike by its call centre staff which meant HMRC would not be able to handle a similar volume to last year.
At Tax Affinity Accountants, we see far too many people each year who loose a huge amount of hard earned money to fines. While we are experts in Tax and can in many cases successfully appeal for discretionary discounts on fines, the fines are not normally completely cancelled by HMRC especially when they have already given a 2 day extension.
So we recommend that all local businesses and self employed people make sure to have their tax returns submitted as soon as possible well before the 31st Jan 2013 deadline.
At Tax Affinity Accountants we are an authorised HMRC agent and are very experienced in all types of Tax eg Self Assessment, Corporation tax, PAYE, VAT, Personal Tax, Construction Industry Schems (CIS) to name a just a few and would be happy to help local people resolve their tax issues.
For more useful information about accounting and tax accounting issues in Kingston upon Thames visit www.taxaffinity.com/blog
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